Create custom vector tiles from OpenStreetMap and other data sources with Postgis and Java.

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Extrusion Example

This example builds upon the OpenStreetMap example and shows how 3d buildings can be extruded with Maplibre. First, start by downloading the OSM data for London in the current directory.

To begin with the tutorial, prepare the database by executing the following command.

baremaps execute \
  --database 'jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/baremaps?&user=baremaps&password=baremaps' \
  --file 'res://osm_create_extensions.sql' \
  --file 'res://osm_drop_tables.sql' \
  --file 'res://osm_create_tables.sql' \
  --file 'res://osm_create_gist_indexes.sql' \
  --file 'res://osm_create_gin_indexes.sql'

To import London data in the database.

baremaps import \
  --database 'jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/baremaps?&user=baremaps&password=baremaps' \
  --file 'https://download.geofabrik.de/europe/great-britain/england/greater-london-latest.osm.pbf' \
  --enable-http

In the tileset.json file, notice the SQL query associated with the building layer. Here, the number of levels stored in OSM is multiplied by 3, which rawly corresponds to the height of a level in meters.

SELECT id,
       tags || jsonb_build_object('building:height', (CASE
                                                          WHEN tags ->> 'building:levels' ~ '^[0-9\\.]+$'
                                                              THEN tags ->> 'building:levels'
                                                          ELSE '1' END)::real * 3),
       geom
FROM osm_ways
WHERE tags ? 'building'

This property is then used in the style.json file to extrude the buildings.

{
  ...
  "layers": [
    {
      "id": "building",
      "type": "fill-extrusion",
      "source": "baremaps",
      "source-layer": "building",
      "paint": {
        "fill-extrusion-color": "rgb(152, 174, 221)",
        "fill-extrusion-height": [
          "get",
          "building:height"
        ],
        "fill-extrusion-base": 0,
        "fill-extrusion-opacity": 0.9
      }
    }
  ],
  ...
}

To preview this example, start the tile viewer. Here, the cache directive is a caffeine specification for a 100MB tile cache.

baremaps view \
  --database 'jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/baremaps?user=baremaps&password=baremaps' \
  --tileset 'tileset.json' \
  --style 'style.json' \
  --cache 'maximumWeight=100000000'

Well done, a map of London with extruded buildings should now appear in your browser!

Tile viewer

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